Summer in the City: Farmers’ Markets and Their Origins

As an intern at the American Archive of Public Broadcasting at WGBH, I am living in Boston for the first time. I’ve decided to make it my goal to explore the city and since it’s summertime, the sun is out and beckoning the city’s inhabitants to head outside. One popular activity is frequenting the farmers’ markets that Boston has to offer! The City of Boston reports that it handles almost thirty markets, but that number doesn’t even include the numerous markets that are in the surrounding suburbs. But when did farmers’ markets become so popular? We might take their existence for granted now, but they haven’t always had the thriving customer base they do today. Looking through content at the American Archive of Public Broadcasting, we can see how farmers’ markets have evolved throughout the years.

In July of 1978, a Boston WGBH production called GBH Journal presented a story about a farmers’ market in Dorchester. In the story, the reporter explains how the markets provide benefits for both the farmers and the buyers. For example, the farmers can “bypass the middle person” and the consumers pay “less for their produce and also get fresh, nutritious vegetables and fruits for their money.” The program also describes how farmers’ markets aid the economy in Massachusetts by providing an economic boost for struggling farmers and an affordable food source for lower-income citizens. This same farmers’ market in Dorchester still runs today at Fields Corner every Saturday from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m.

Farmers’ markets continued to grow in popularity throughout the country, and in 2007, Tampa public broadcasting station WEDU ran a storyScreen Shot 2017-06-30 at 11.55.36 AM about a popular market in Sarasota, Florida on its series Gulf Coast Journal with Jack Perkins. Featured is a local citrus farmer, Tim Brown of Brown’s Grove Citrus and Produce. Brown talks about the high quality of his family’s produce, emphasizing its freshness: “the citrus that we pick on Friday night is on the street Saturday morning.” Tony Souza from the Downtown Partnership of Sarasota explains the market’s popularity in the clip, stating that “the locals come up because it’s the thing to do.” Throughout the story, the program highlights the community involvement found at farmers’ markets as a main attraction. Like the Dorchester market in Boston, the Sarasota farmers’ market still runs every Saturday. The Brown family even still sells their produce.

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To understand why farmers’ markets are popular today, it is helpful to understand how organic and small farmers gained prevalence in an industry that favors corporate, high-quantity producers. In September of 2004 at Washington State University, Northwest Public Television recorded a presentation by the former Executive Director of the Organic Farming Research Foundation (OFRF), Bob Scowcroft. In this talk, Scowcroft discusses how the OFRF assisted in bringing national attention to organic farming, citing press interviews, conferences, and researching for grants as key factors to its success. He also reads a passage from a 1970 LIFE magazine, quoting “the ideas are simple and appealing: we eat too much, mostly of the wrong things; our food comes to us not as nature intended, but altered by man during both growth and processing.” As a pioneer in organic farming, Scowcroft offers insight to how organic, small farming has grown throughout the years and the challenges it still faces.

Today, farmers’ markets continue to flourish. In 1978, public broadcasting aimed to inform the public about the basic facts of farmers’ markets. Thirty years later in 2007, public broadcasting instead demonstrated how farmers’ markets had become a community staple where people from different backgrounds could come together to support the local economy. These markets remain an excellent way to learn, explore, and enjoy a variety of unique and vibrant cultural areas all over the United States and even beyond its borders.

hannah_gore_headshotThis post was written by Hannah Gore, AAPB Intro to Media Archives Intern and student at Dickinson College.

Forty Years through Women’s Healthcare

As lawmakers currently decide the future of American healthcare, many politicians and organizations are seizing the opportunity to express their own sentiments on the subject. A particularly hot topic has been how the new law will affect women, which has long been a controversial subject in the United States. The modern women’s healthcare movement has its roots in the figure of Margaret Sanger. Though she had to take temporary asylum in Europe after illegally distributing contraceptive information, Sanger eventually established the modern-day Planned Parenthood in 1921. To learn more about the evolution of women’s healthcare, content from the American Archive of Public Broadcasting facilitates an analysis of how public opinion of healthcare has developed over the last forty years.

In the 70s, WNScreen Shot 2017-06-22 at 12.05.17 PMED of Buffalo, N.Y. produced a series of interviews entitled “Woman.” On Dec. 4, 1975, WNED recorded an episode with breast cancer advocate Rose Kushner. Interviewed by Sandra Elkin, Kushner criticizes the routine medical practices taken in treatment of breast cancer in the United States. Instead, she praises the practices of other countries with nationalized healthcare systems: “There is a big difference in countries where medicine is nationalized,” she explains. For context, a timeline by PBS reports that in the 70s, healthcare was “seen as in crisis” due to the quickly rising costs.

Screen Shot 2017-06-22 at 1.06.18 PMAbout twenty years later in 1992, healthcare costs continued to rise due to economic inflation. On July 29, Kojo Nnmadi hosted a group of four women to speak on his WHUT-produced program, Evening Exchange, in Washington, D.C. The guests included physician Maggie Covington, naturopathologist Andrea Sullivan, president of the National Black Women’s Health project Julia Scott, and president of the Black Lesbian Support Group Cindy Smith. In the program, Scott explains her view that minority women do not receive enough care in medicine, stating that “there is a lot happening in our society that has to do with racism and classicism that makes poor women be much more ill than other segments of the population.” The program ends with the conclusion that women need greater representation in the healthcare system, as Cindy Smith asserts “it’s still a man’s world.”

Screen Shot 2017-06-22 at 2.08.15 PMAnother twenty years later, President Barack Obama signed into existence his healthcare reform bill in 2010. In a 2013 Louisiana Public Broadcasting broadcast, Donna Fraiche speaks at the Baton Rotary Club on the now three-year-old Affordable Care Act. Although moving away from the lens of the female experience, she details the high costs of American healthcare. Notably, Fraiche outlines that “we’re the richest country in the world, but we spend the most of our dollars on healthcare.” Her knowledge of Japan allows her to explain the differences in the American and Japanese systems, since she served as honorary consul-general of Japan for New Orleans.

Today, this passion for a stronger healthcare system thrives as the American people continue the journey to find a system that is beneficial for our country. Though laws and politics may continue to change, history affirms our dedication towards bettering our medical care. In these programs, the women all had drastically different perspectives and backgrounds, ranging from writers to lawyers to advocates. Yet, they all provided information that helped to develop and challenge public notions of healthcare in the United States.

This post was written by Hannah Gore, AAPB Intro to Media Archives Intern and student at Dickinson College.

Forty Years, Forty Films, Forty Weeks: Waterbuster

“My grandmother rarely spoke of the days of the Garrison Dam and the flooding of our ancestral lands, but when she did, she always spoke of what lay below as her true home. I have come back here to reclaim that home and what was denied to my generation and all the generations that will follow.”

In this week’s featured Vision Maker Media film, producer J. Carlos Peinado returns to his grandmother’s home on the Fort Berthold Reservation, which was flooded by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 1947 for the building of the Garrison Dam. “Waterbuster” explores the aftermath of the flooding through the perspective of the displaced Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara people, giving light to a portrait of resilience and survival in the face of catastrophic change.

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Watch “Waterbuster” on the American Archive of Public Broadcasting website.

Check back here every Tuesday, or follow us at @amarchivepub on Twitter to keep up with featured streaming films over the 40 weeks of the celebration. You can find the complete schedule here.

About Vision Maker Media

Vision Maker Media is the premier source for quality American Indian and Alaska Native educational and home videos. All aspects of Vision Maker Media programs encourage the involvement of young people to learn more about careers in the media – to be the next generation of storytellers. Vision Maker Media envisions a world changed and healed by understanding Native stories and the public conversations they generate.

With funding from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB), Vision Maker Media’s Public Media Content Fund awards support to projects with a Native American theme and significant Native involvement that ultimately benefits the entire public media community. Vision Maker Media, a nonprofit 501(c)(3) empowers and engages Native People to tell stories. For more information,

Each week for the next forty weeks, a different film featuring Native voices from Native producers will be available to stream free online, in celebration of Vision Maker Media’s 40 years supporting American Indian and Alaska Native film projects.

Follow Vision Maker Media on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Instagram, Tumblr, LinkedIn, Vimeo, Pinterest, or Google+.

Forty Years, Forty Films, Forty Weeks: Aleut Story

Follow the incredible story of the Aleuts’ decades-long struggle for human and civil rights in this week’s featured Vision Maker Media film, “Aleut Story.”

In 1942, as World War II reached Alaska, Aleut Americans were transferred to government camps 1,500 miles away, where an estimated 10 percent perished. The surviving Aleuts eventually joined Japanese Americans in seeking wartime reparations from the federal government. Narrated by Martin Sheen and featuring an original music score by composer Alan Koshiyama, this poignant, richly textured film contains rare archival images and compelling interviews with Aleut internment survivors — many of whom are speaking out for the first time in more than 60 years.

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Watch “Aleut Story” on the American Archive of Public Broadcasting website.

Check back here every Tuesday, or follow us at @amarchivepub on Twitter to keep up with featured streaming films over the 40 weeks of the celebration. You can find the complete schedule here.

About Vision Maker Media

Vision Maker Media is the premier source for quality American Indian and Alaska Native educational and home videos. All aspects of Vision Maker Media programs encourage the involvement of young people to learn more about careers in the media – to be the next generation of storytellers. Vision Maker Media envisions a world changed and healed by understanding Native stories and the public conversations they generate.

With funding from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB), Vision Maker Media’s Public Media Content Fund awards support to projects with a Native American theme and significant Native involvement that ultimately benefits the entire public media community. Vision Maker Media, a nonprofit 501(c)(3) empowers and engages Native People to tell stories. For more information,

Each week for the next forty weeks, a different film featuring Native voices from Native producers will be available to stream free online, in celebration of Vision Maker Media’s 40 years supporting American Indian and Alaska Native film projects.

Follow Vision Maker Media on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Instagram, Tumblr, LinkedIn, Vimeo, Pinterest, or Google+.

Access to Historical Records – Archival Projects Webinars Announced

Attention, public media organizations! Check out this upcoming digitization grant opportunity from the National Historical Records and Publications Commission (NHPRC).


I would like to bring to your attention three upcoming webinars regarding NHPRC’s Access to Historical Records – Archival Projects grant program. The webinar schedule and instructions appear at the end of the message.

The National Historical Publications and Records Commission seeks projects that ensure online public discovery and use of historical records collections. All types of historical records are eligible, including documents, photographs, born-digital records, and analog audio and moving images. Projects may preserve and process historical records to:

– Create new online Finding Aids to collections
– Digitize historical records collections and make them freely available online

The NHPRC encourages organizations to actively engage the public in the work of the project.

A grant normally is for one or two years and for up to $100,000. The Commission expects to make up to 10 grants in this category for a total of up to $700,000. The cost share…

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Juno and Peaceful Uses of Space

This post was written by Sadina Shawver, student at Simmons College and intern at the AAPB.

Juno’s recent arrival at the planet Jupiter is just one more stop upon a decades long mission to understand our expanding universe by first understanding our own solar system. In the Spring of 1962, Seattle, Washington’s World’s Fair hosted a conference on space research. Experts from varied and interdisciplinary sciences were present to discuss the achievements of NASA in their time and the scientific and fiscal future of space exploration. The University of Maryland has provided a 13 part series containing highlights on the 2nd National Conference on Peaceful Uses of Space, which you can listen to in the AAPB Online Reading Room!

General Chairman William P. Woods started off the conference by paralleling the potential impact of 20th century space research to that of the original Age of Exploration of the 15th century. Seattle Governor Albert Rosellini then stressed the need to strengthen a partnership between the scientists undertaking space research, the politicians providing fiscal support, and the laymen whose taxes ultimately funded such missions. As Chairman of the Commerce Committee, a member of both the Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences and the Senate Appropriations Committee, Washington Senator Warren Magnuson placed his weighted support into the future of space research.

A queue of scientists followed the opening speakers with lists of accomplishments, theories, and future missions to present to the conference. Homer E. Newell, the Director of NASA’s Offices of Space Sciences, advocated a strong national space program as a means to take up a position as world leaders in the space sciences. The Offices of Space Sciences Deputy Director, Edgar M. Cartwright, reminded the conference that the contemporary understanding of our own solar system was but a drop in the potential well of knowledge.

Milton B. Ames, Jr., Director of Space Vehicles for NASA’s Offices of Advanced Research and Technology, and Harold Finger, Director of Nuclear Systems in the Offices of Advanced Research and Technology as well as the Manager of the Joint Atomic Energy Committee in NASA’s Space Nuclear Propulsion Office, spoke of furthering scientific understanding in vehicular space travel as a means of preparing for long-distance human exploration.

Over the length of the series, scientists and advocates continued to present to the attendees of the Conference a plethora of potential social and economic benefits to furthering space exploration. Juno’s mission continues this tradition of peaceful and scientific space exploration.

6B63E2FE-810C-43C9-8C47-B104CE49A51FSadina Shawver is a graduate student at Simmons SLIS and a cataloging intern at the American Archive of Public Broadcasting.

Thanks to the contributors of the Public Broadcasting Preservation Scholarship

This post was written by Casey E. Davis, AAPB Project Manager at WGBH, for WGBH’s Public Broadcasting Preservation Scholarship crowdfunding campaign.

In April and May of 2016, WGBH on behalf of the American Archive of Public Broadcasting (AAPB) led a crowdfunding campaign to fund the Public Broadcasting Preservation Scholarship.Slide1

The Public Broadcasting Preservation Scholarship will provide funding support for public media representatives from AAPB National Digital Stewardship Residency (NDSR) host institutions to participate in a week-long training event focused on digital preservation of public media.

The training event is taking place as part of the AAPB NDSR project, funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services. The AAPB NDSR is creating seven post-master’s degree residencies at public media organizations across the country, focusing on audiovisual digital preservation of public television and radio. The residencies will begin in July 2016 with a week-long immersion week in Boston, taught by leading experts in the field of audiovisual preservation. The Scholarship will fund the host mentors to travel and participate in immersion week.

The Scholarship will help host mentors gain and sharpen the skills that are needed to sustain digital preservation activities at beyond the term of the 10-month residency. This knowledge will improve their ability to preserve their at-risk materials for many years to come. We had 26 contributions to the Scholarship, which raised a total of $2,510. Our sincere thanks goes out to all that made a contribution.

Two of our contributors deserve special recognition and appreciation for their financial support, including Crawford Media Services, our Bronze Ambassador, and John Ptak, a member of the AAPB’s Executive Advisory Council. We are extremely grateful for their many contributions to the Scholarship and to the AAPB in general.

Crawford Media Services, Inc. — Bronze Ambassador
crawfordA leading provider of digitization, archival storage, asset management and meta-tagging, Crawford’s mission is to help clients clear the hurdle of digital preservation. Built on many successful projects, Crawford offers experience, expertise, and resources to resolve the complexity and uncertainty of digital migration and file based workflows.

In 2011, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting selected Crawford Media Services to provide digitization services for the American Archive Project. A substantial undertaking, the task as outlined was to digitize 35,000 hours of audio and video content across 55,000 tapes, and transcode another 5,000 hours of born digital content from approximately 100 stations from across the nation. The massive digital migration project has enabled the American Archive of Public Broadcasting to grow into one of the most educational and culturally diverse archives in the country. Crawford is proud to have provided the workforce and technology to realize this ambitious project for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

John Ptak

A graduate of UCLA ’67, John Ptak worked as a Hollywood talent agent for 35 years, first at ICM and thereafter at William Morris and CAA, with an emphasis on directors and producers. At CAA, he expanded the role of the talent agent by also representing the financing and distribution arrangements of over 100 independent films. He was a key executive in CAA’s corporate consultancy arrangements on such accounts as Coca-Cola, IMAX, and the French bank, Credit Lyonnais, with whom he participated in the restructuring of MGM and the rebirth of United Artists. He left CAA in 2006 to form Arsenal, which provides advisory services to film production companies and financiers. He was recently an Executive Producer of Peter Weir’s THE WAY BACK, Matt Reeves’ LET ME IN and Terry Gilliam’s DR. PARNASSUS.

Ptak is a member of The National Film Preservation Board, the American Archive of Public Broadcasting Advisory Council, The National Film Preservation Foundation, and, the Foundation Committee of The Motion Picture & Television Fund, where he played a key role in its alliance with the UCLA Health System. He’s also served on advisory boards and panels for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, The National Endowment for the Arts, UCLA, Loyola Marymount University and Chapman University.

AAPB NDSR Host Institutions & Call for Resident Applicants


We are extremely excited to announce that after some extremely difficult decision-making among a number of great projects, we have selected the Host Institutions for the American Archive of Public Broadcasting National Digital Stewardship Residency Project, and are opening up the period for Resident Applications!

In April of 2015, the American Archive of Public Broadcasting (AAPB) was awarded a grant by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) to develop a National Digital Stewardship Residency program focused specifically on the area of digital audiovisual preservation in the realm of public media.  Over the course of the 27-month grant, the AAPB will send seven residents to serve out ten-month residencies in organizations that create and hold public media content, working to develop effective digital stewardship models for this crucial aspect of American heritage.

The seven public media organizations that will be hosting residents for the 2016-17 Residency are:

CUNY TV – New York, New York
Louisiana Public Broadcasting – Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Minnesota Public Radio – Saint Paul, Minnesota
Pacifica Radio Archives – North Hollywood, California
Howard University Television (WHUT) – Washington, DC
Wisconsin Public Television – Madison, Wisconsin
WYSO – Yellow Springs, Ohio

Spanning the country from New York to California, each of these organizations has designed an impactful and engaging archival project for the resident to complete over the ten-month residency that will allow the residents to gain valuable skills in their archival careers, while also providing a long-term benefit to the host institution. The projects encompass analog digitization, digital media migration, metadata management, workflow design, coding and perceptual hashing, and more — at the AAPB, we’re really looking forward to learning from the residents as they tackle this exciting work.

To learn more about the organizations and their projects, visit the AAPB NDSR Hosts page on the NDSR project website.

We’ll be accepting applications for Residents to take on these projects from today through March 21st, 2016. For more information for how to apply to become a resident, visit the AAPB NDSR Resident Applications page on the NDSR project website. We’re looking forward to getting great applications to match with these great projects!

Content in Motion: AAPB attends EUscreen 2015 Conference


Last week, AAPB Project Manager Casey Davis had the honor of attending and presenting at the 2015 EUscreen conference in Warsaw, Poland. For those of you who aren’t familiar with it, the EUscreen initiative is similar to the AAPB: EUscreen is a consortium of archives — from broadcasters to academic institutions — and offers free online access to thousands of audiovisual items documenting the 20th and 21st century cultural heritage of Europe. EUscreen is an amazing resource for scholars, educators, and the general public.

More details are coming soon, but we’re excited to announce that AAPB and EUscreen are collaborating on developing curated exhibits that bring our two collections together, providing researchers with the opportunity to explore how events shaped both US and European history.

This year’s conference was held at the National Audiovisual Institute of Poland (NInA), a cutting-edge audiovisual arts center in Poland that just recently opened its doors to the public. nina

The two-day conference brought together a variety of professionals including archivists, scholars, educators, museum curators, photographers, and open-access activists in focused sessions and workshops on the topic of curation, access and use of audiovisual collections. Casey had the opportunity to present about the AAPB initiative, including the digitization project and the recent launch of our Online Reading Room and curated exhibits.


We’re pleased to share some of our notes and takeaways from the conference:

Big takeaway: There were lots of discussions about the significance and benefit of collaboration between archivists, scholars and technical experts, as well as the incorporation of research on media and digital literacy, into developing audiovisual archival presentation platforms like Online Reading Rooms and exhibits.

“The More You Give The More You Get,” by Harry Verwayen of Europeana:

Europeana is the DPLA of Europe. ​Europeana is working with Historiana to bring their content into classrooms. Historiana is a platform developed by the European Association of History Educators (EUROCLIO).

Europeana developed a platform that shows statistics of how Europeana content is being used. These statistics are provided to the Europeana partners, and they appreciate having this information because it shows the benefit of partnering with Europeana and getting their content out there for people to access and use.

Harry discussed the recently launched Europeana Publishing Framework. The framework describes tiers of access to Europeana content. These tiers can be chosen by the partner institutions and appear as facets to the user on the Europeana website.

“Curation – What is it All About?”, by Liam Wylie of the RTE Archives

​RTE is public broadcasting for Ireland. Liam talked about how to promote your archive’s content on social media and on your website when you have limited resources. Their motto is Regular, Relevant and Reliant.

RTE Archives offers an “Archives Daily” where they feature relevant content in the news on their homepage and on social media. On their homepage, this is updated every day.

On their record pages, they have hand selected content that appears in a side bar with the header “More Like This Item.”

EUScreen Tools Workshop

EUscreen is developing two new tools – the Publication Builder which includes the Video Poster and WITH. EUscreen allows for users to register to the site and have access to these tools.

The Publication Builder allows for users to 1) favorite content in EUscreen, which can then be featured on the homepage of EUscreen; 2) bookmark content and share content via email (kind of like a citation tool); 3) create their own collections, which can be featured on the EUscreen website; and 4) create Video Posters. Video Posters and the Publication Builder will be beneficial to teachers and scholars who wish to incorporate the use of media into their curriculum. With Video Posters, users can choose a layout (1 video w/ text, 2 videos or 4 videos with text), choose their colors, add a title and contextual information with hyperlinks, and share their poster with other users.

WITH is an API that lets users create collections, exhibitions, and applications with EUscreen data. It’s a “Culture Sharing Social Platform.”
With WITH, users can 1) create collections and exhibitions; 2) configure personal group spaces; 3) follow other users; 4) add annotations to EUscreen content; and 5) share content.

“How Footage Was Originally Created,” by Professor John Ellis of the Royal Holloway University of London

​Professor Ellis is conducting video oral histories with retired staff of the BBC. In the interviews, he is primarily focusing on their use of production equipment.

“Teaching with Audiovisual Archives,” by Claude Mussou and Elsa Coupard of the French Audiovisual Institute (INA) 

INA developed a platform called Jalons which features around 1,600 hand-selected and clipped items from the INA archive for use by teachers. On Jalons, INA provides different ways for teachers to access content, including chronologically via a timeline, topically, and maps.

The content is hand-selected by a committee of teachers, scholars and archivists. Their selection includes consideration of what is most appropriate for teaching, and is used mostly for history and geography classes. INA updates the site every two years with new content that documents what has happened over those two years. They also select additional topics of relevancy including climate change. INA offers “Learning Paths,” which are tutorials and ready to use lesson plans for teachers. Downloading of the clips is available for teachers only.
The site is free. The target audience is secondary school ages 11-18.

“Historical Views on Curation” panel

This session was dedicated to having scholars present papers that they are publishing in the next issue of VIEW, the Journal of European Television History and Culture. VIEW “is the first peer-reviewed, multi-media and open access e-journal in the field of European television history and culture. It offers an international platform for academic research and archival reflection on television as an important part of our European cultural heritage. With its interdisciplinary profile, the journal is open to many disciplinary perspectives on European television – including television history, media studies, media sociology, cultural studies and television studies.”

One of the panelists was Lisa Kerrigan of the British Film Institute (BFI), who discussed Plunder, a BBC series from the 1960s that featured archival programs wrapped with commentary.  Lisa was also involved in a recent production called Visions of Change, a 2 disc documentary series on the evolution of the British TV Documentary from the BBC and BFI.

“Moving Images in History Education,” by Steven Stegers of EUROCLIO

Steven discussed the findings of a recent EUROCLIO report titled “Showing Films and Other AV Content in Europeans Schools: Obstacles and Best Practices.

Some of the key findings include:

  • Context is key
  • Highlighting (bolding) important text/details in records and exhibits helps students and teachers easily identify the most important information
  • Providing contrasting sources is key to ensuring well-rounded lesson plans
  • Teachers need concrete suggestions on how you can use AV content in classrooms
  • Teachers wants us to develop tools specifically targeted for reuse
  • Wikipedia is where people find stuff these days. AV archives should spend time adding links to relevant articles on Wikipedia so that more people can find our content.

“Transmedia Storytelling and Media History,” by Andreas Fickers of Luxembourg University

Professor Fickers discussed the importance of media and digital literacy and how archives should play a role in media literacy. He provided recommendations about mono-platform storytelling and creating an immersive experience with each format of content in exhibits.

“The Past is Today – New Approach to Archive Material,” by Piotr Sliwowski of the Warsaw Uprising Museum

Piotr presented on an amazing film that he produced called Powstanie Warszawskie, which was nominated for an Academy Award last year. It is the first dramatic film to use entirely archival footage, which has an amazing story in itself. The new film is about the Warsaw Uprising, which took place in 1944, when the citizens of Warsaw rebelled against the Nazis. Two brothers recorded the uprising on film and hid the film after the uprising. The communists took control of the film while they were in power, and it was ultimately transferred to the national archives. The archival film was silent and obviously in black and white. For the new feature film, the footage was colorized and restored. In addition, the producers added sound and hired expert lip readers to read the lips of the people in the footage and they added the voices and narration. Casey couldn’t resist buying several copies as holiday gifts for family members!

“Community Driven Video Accessibility,” by Dean Jansen of Amara

Dean is the founder of Amara, which is a non-profit that helps organizations engage with volunteers to transcribe av (both for captioning and translated subtitles).

Overall, the conference was amazing, and we were honored and thrilled to take part in it. If you haven’t explored the EUscreen collection yet, we strongly recommend doing so! You can dive in here:

List of Early Public Television Content: An NET Project Update

We are excited to post lists of NET Series Titles and Individual Program Titles on the AAPB website, as part of the National Educational Television (NET) Collection Catalog Project, funded by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). To read more about the history and significance of NET, public television’s first national programming network, check out our September update.

To begin this project, we needed to determine what content should be part of the “NET Collection.” Since there is no single complete list of programs distributed by NET, we’ve been working very hard to cobble together the most comprehensive list possible. So far we’ve compared titles from:

  • NET’s Program files
  • NET’s Flexible Service Catalog
  • WGBH databases
  • Library of Congress original inventory printouts
  • Additional inventories created for and by the Library of Congress and PBS

From these sources, we’ve gathered additional metadata. Often we could identify broadcast years, producers, runtimes, original formats and color. We’ve included this information in our title lists, and we’re hoping it will help institutions identify any NET content held in their collections.

The next phase of the project is locating NET media assets at archives and public media organizations across the country. In the next few months we’ll add episode title information to the Series Title list and contact institutions with NET content, as well as all previous producing stations. As we locate relevant materials, we’ll build inventory level records and add them to our database. By the end of the project, people will be able to see where copies of the content exist, and we’ll be able to better prioritize digitization and preservation efforts. If you have NET materials in your collection, we’d really appreciate it if you reached out to us. You can contact Sadie Roosa at